In my estimation, some of the most inspiring stories in the Qur'an are ones that involve a prophet named Noah [p.b.u.h]. Like every other prophet, we muslims believe that Noah [p.b.u.h] taught radical monotheism (that there is only one God who has no partners and is completely dissimilar to His creation). The Qur'an calls Noah [p.b.u.h] a prophet as well as a messenger, which means that he preached on older revelation as well as new revelation (although I'm not aware of any source that mentions Noah's book by name).
One of the nations/tribes he was sent to preach to was the equivalent of a bunch of self-absorbed rich people who drink their Red Bull like water, visit a local tanning salon on a weekly basis and are constantly on their iPhones or iPads. Imagine a people like that, seeing what was most likely an old, bearded, traveling preacher named Noah [p.b.u.h] who told them that the real treasure was to be found with God-- not in wealth. Their response was predictable. In surah 11:27, they say "We see (in) thee nothing but a man like ourselves: nor do we see that any follow thee but the meanest among us, in judgment immature: nor do we see in you (all) any merit above us: in fact we think ye are liars!"
Essentially, they said "Pffft! we don't have time for that religious stuff. Besides, your followers are all poor people who aren't nearly as splendid as we are. We're too intelligent to believe in your fairy tales!". Rather than considering Noah's teachings, they found fault with his followers. As a level headed, God-fearing prophet, Noah [p.b.u.h] tries to reason with them in surah 11:29, which says "And O my People! I ask you for no wealth in return: my reward is from none but Allah: but I will not drive away (in contempt) those who believe: for verily they are to meet their Lord, and ye, I see, are the ignorant ones!". He knew that despite being the outcasts of society, the muslims that followed him were on their way to Paradise. Noah [p.b.u.h] was well aware of the fact that, on Judgment Day, a person will not be judged based on how much money they had, how high their self-esteem was or how popular they were. God will be more pleased with a poor and humble believer than a rich and proud unbeliever.
We're not told the name of the nations/tribes that he was sent to, but in surah 29:14, the Qur'an says that Noah [p.b.u.h] lived to be 950 years old. You can get a lot done in 950 years, but despite being called to repentence, most of Noah's people rejected him. As the years went by, their corruption grew and grew until God stepped in and told Noah [p.b.u.h] to build an Ark big enough to accomadate himself, his family, his followers and two of every kind of animal. Those who rejected their prophet were killed in a flood that had waves "towering like mountains", according to surah 11:42. In the end, God worked things out for the greater good. The flood is a sign of both God's love and justice; He delivered the believers and punished the unbelievers.
Noah's Ark is one of the most famous stories in the Bible, but I don't trust the Biblical account as historically accurate. It says that the whole world was flooded, but it would've been unnecessary for God to kill the whole world [save a few] because prophet Noah [p.b.u.h] was only sent to minister to a certain people-- not the whole world. Most of the world didn't know who Noah [p.b.u.h] was, so how could the whole world have rejected him? I believe that it was merely a local flood. I believe that God's plan can never be thwarted and that, regardless of whether we rejoice or suffer, God ultimately uses it all for His glory. A person choosing to go astray can in no way hurt God or His plan-- they only hurt themselves.