Can anyone summarize the conflict for me? I tried reading up about it, and it seems that unless I want to spend a few days trying to understand it all, I won't be able to.chrisrooR
A simplified version is that at one time in the holy land, Jews, Philistines, Muslims and others all lived in what became known as Palestine. Jews were (for lack of a better word) evicted from said lands.
Jews moved from place to place and never really had a home and were chased out of just about everywhere they have lived.
Fast forward a couple thousand years or so and the newly formed League of Nations gave Britian a mandate to run the area known as Palestine and France was given Lebenon and Syria.
While Germany and Hitler was gearing up for war and making hate speeches against the Jews as well as making them wear stars and forbiddening them from public office and marking their stores as Juden. Jews started to leave Germany and many went to the British Mandate of Palestine, but then, Britian started to disallow immigration to the area in fear of upsetting Arab neighbors (not to mention that there were many anti-Semites in England at that time).
During WWII, Germany had a program of extermination of the Jews either by outright shooting them, gassing them or working them to death, it all depended on which side of the Ribbentrop-Molotov Line they lived on or were sent to.
After WWII, many Jews left Europe and went to the British Mandate of Palestine. The UN decreed that the English were to leave Palestine and that the State of Israel was to be formed. On the day that Ben-Gurion declared an independent Israel on what was Palestine and Arab nations did not recognize the new nation and had moved forces into areas that had been part of the British Mandate for Palestine. Eight Arab nations and armies attacked the Israelis and were eventually defeated.
Over the years, Syria, Egypt and other Arab nations attacked Israel only to suffer defeat. This lead Israel to start to create buffers around the nation by occupying Arab areas like the West Bank, Gaza and the Siani Peninsula. Eventually, a peace accord was signed by Israel and Egypt and the Siani was returned to Egypt.
Other terrorist orginizations have made attacks on Israel while they have tried to live peacefully, yet as seen in this thread, there is lots more to the conflict in said area.
A Synopsis of the Israel/Palestine Conflict and Historical Timeline of Israel and History of Israel will give you an idea of what has transpired over the years. 1948 ArabIsraeli War details the fight for independence with the Arabs.